Met Office C-130 Aircraft

  1. C-130 flight characteristics
  2. C-130 Standard - fit Instrumentation

1. C-130 flight characteristics

Endurance 12 h (with IFR reserves)
Range 5,500 km at 7,000 m alt.
Max. altitude 33,000 ft
Min. altitude 50 ft (17 m) over water
100 ft (35 m) over land
Speed 50 - 150 m/s
Scientific payload 17,000 kg with full fuel
Crew 5 aircrew +
up to 15 scientists

2. C-130 Standard - fit Instrumentation

Position, speed, attitude
  • GPS
  • Inertial Navigation Systems
  • LORAN (if required)
Basic atmospheric variables
  • Pressure
  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Wind velocity
Atmospheric radiation
  • visible and infrared radiation (broad and narrow-band)
  • microwave
Cloud physics
  • Droplet or crystal sizes
  • particle shapes
  • total water content of clouds
  • Particle size
  • Optical properties
Atmospheric chemistry
  • real time measurement of ozone, oxides of nitrogen and other trace species
  • taking and storing of multiple samples of the atmosphere for later analysis
Dropsondes The aircraft is capable of releasing and tracking up to five falling radiosondes (dropsondes) at a time for measuring detailed cross-sections of the atmospheric structure
Photography The aircraft is equipped with a number of video cameras